EH603: Project 3: A home computer tech guide for

EH603 Final Project.

For this project in EH603 Technical Editing, I am creating a guide to home computer use. This guide will cover the following tasks for Windows 8.1 and Windows 10:

  • Connecting to/Setting up a wireless network
  • Adding a printer
  • Changing the screen resolution
  • Where to find useful tools in Windows 10

This guide is intended for people who are not as tech-savvy to help them setup or troubleshoot issues with their home PC on their own. I am someone who is the tech-guru of the family. Whenever someone has an issue with their PC or laptop, I am the one to be asked. We all have that person in our family whom we call on to help us with our home computers (perhaps you are that person!). When it comes to changing settings on your computer, sometimes it would be more helpful to have a visual guide rather than calling/texting your family’s tech-guru.

The idea for this help guide document came to me because I know how difficult it can be to find out solutions to problems online on your own. Oftentimes I have found when looking for a solution to a problem that there can be many answers, incomplete answers, or confusing answers. And usually the instructions lack any visual aids or don’t specify what Operating System the instructions are for. With this document, I hope to have a one-place guide for some common computer woes that users have. In a sense, this guide can be your family tech-guru on paper. 

The guide’s purpose is to help users with various computer settings and to partially serve as a troubleshooting guide. The ultimate hope is that with this guide, a less tech-savvy user will be able to learn and understand their computer better and be able to perform these tasks without the guide. 

The tasks I’ve chosen to cover are tasks that I believe are the most commonly used by home computer users. For example, in my own experience I’ve known someone who didn’t realize they could change their WiFi password (instead of using a predefined password that contained many characters and symbols). Knowing how to do this task allows the user to set their own unique password that is easier for them to remember (or give out to friends and family). 

I have chosen to cover these tasks in Windows 8.1 and Windows 10 as most PC’s will have either of these Operating Systems included. Some PC’s may still have Windows 7 on them, but the differences between Windows 8.1 and Windows 7 is not great. The Windows 8.1 tasks should operate nearly the same in Windows 7, so a Windows 7 user should be able to use this guide as well. 

The latter task (finding useful tools in Windows 10) stems from personal experience in trying to find some common useful tools that were moved in Windows 10. As someone who changes computer settings a lot (for work), when we upgraded our PCs to Windows 10 I could not find where the Control Panel was. Of course I could just type it into the search bar, but I preferred having it there as soon as I opened the Start Menu. With it located in the Start Menu (in Windows 8.1), I would not have to remove my hand from the mouse to start typing (or type with one hand until I got the search result). 

Introduction to a Tolkien Review of Beren and Lúthien

My name is Andrew Arnold and for my third project of EH 603, Editing for Publication, I will be critically reviewing the posthumously published work of J.R.R. Tolkien: Beren and Lúthien. I have an interest in this work for many reasons. My first and foremost reason is to publish a review about the latest work of Tolkien. I have been a fan of Tolkien’s Middle-Earth since a very early age and to be able to add to the academic discussion of this novel, is a great honor for me. Another reason for reviewing this piece is to gain experience reviewing a modern work of fantasy. I am interested in this genre because I hope to create and publish my own fantasy work someday. I also have previous experience with editing fantasy novels. I was the primary editor on two fantasy novels, The Archer of the Lake and The Prince of the Vale, published in 2014 and 2015 respectively, so I hope to add to my work resume as well.

The first thing to consider when reviewing this novel is its readability as a full and complete work. Beren and Lúthien is one of many works that has been published posthumously and edited by the author’s son, Christopher Tolkien. These works were never completed and in there incomplete forms it’s nearly impossible to perform a cold reading of them without notes of explanation from Christopher Tolkien. In my opinion the best of Tolkien’s later novels are The Simarillion and The Children of Húrin because they can be enjoyed for their stories and do not require readers to have major backgrounds in the Tolkien mythos nor do they require extensive explanations from Christopher Tolkien to understand. Beren and Lúthien have sections that are very enjoyable to read as works of fiction, however between each section of this story; Christopher Tolkien has to explain when each section was written and how the story progressed from the earliest manuscripts to the later version of take that is presented in The Simarillion. Since many versions of the story of Beren and Lúthien are presented in this novel, many of these stories contradict each other. The best example of these contradictions is the fact that Beren is referred to as an elf in the beginning of the novel and then as a man at the end (41- 255). I plan to delve deeper in my comparisons of Beren and Lúthien to both Tolkien’s regularly published works like The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings and the before mentioned posthumously published works.

One of the main requirements of this project is to analyze rhetoric used by the author’s that we are critiquing. This is an interesting novel; as far as rhetoric because, J.R.R. Tolkien is considered a master of fantasy so he already has great ethos. However, much of this novel is explanatory notes written by Christopher Tolkien, who is known for documenting and publishing his father’s works. I am actually analyzing the rhetoric of Tolkien senior through the notes provided by Christopher Tolkien. I plan to be very clear in my review when I am analyzing Tolkien’s original manuscripts versus the later added notes of his son.

I have great personal and professional interest in reviewing Beren and Lúthien. First, I plan one reviewing this work as an actual complete work of literature. To do this, I plan on using other works published both before and after J.R.R. Tolkien’s death. Lastly, I will analyze the rhetoric that both Tolkien’s, father and son, use while presenting this novel. I hope that this review will help readers new to Tolkien and veteran Tolkien readers as well.

 

 

Works Cited

Tolkien, J.R.R, and Christopher Tolkien. The Silmarillion. Random House Publishing Group, 2002.

Tolkien, J. R. R. Beren and Lúthien. Harper Collins Publishers, 2017.

Tolkien, J. R. R. The Children of Húrin. Houghton Mifflin, 2007.

Tolkien, J. R. R. The Hobbit, or, There and Back Again. Mariner Books/Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2013.

Tolkien, J. R. R. The Lord of the Rings. Houghton Mifflin, 2005.

Freelance Technical Editing Rates and Information

The following information was obtained through research for my EH 603 Technical Editing class; my professor suggested sharing it on the blog, so here it is!

Because of the global nature of business these days and the ability of editors to work remotely, it was difficult to find prices for freelance editors specifically for the Huntsville area. I did find a website (Editorial Freelancers Association, 2015) that listed a range of prices for various freelance editing jobs. The rates for a basic copyediting job ranged from $30-$40 per hour at an estimated pace of 5-10 manuscript pages per hour to $40-$60 per hour for substantive or line editing at a pace of 1-6 manuscript pages per hour.

According to Miranda Marquit in her blog (n.d.), beginning editors can charge around $20 per hour, experienced content editors can charge $50-$85 per hour, and experienced proofreaders can charge $25-$35 per hour.

Besides the copyediting jobs we have talked about in class this semester, some of the other roles and jobs that freelance editors perform, according to Allena Tapia (2016), include acquisitions editor, coordinating editor, developmental editor, fact checker, globalization/translations editor, and integrity editor. Some of these jobs are specific functions that fall within the overall umbrella of comprehensive editing. A brief description is given below:

* An acquisitions editor is responsible for accepting, rejecting, and finding manuscripts for publication within a specific publishing house. This type of editing is typically not a freelance job, since an in-depth knowledge of the publishing house is required.

* A coordinating editor is responsible for overseeing all the areas a manuscript may have to go through, such as writing, graphics, and proofreading. The coordinating editor makes sure all the tasks are accomplished and, as the job title implies, coordinates with each area to know what stage the manuscript is in at all stages of its production.

* A developmental editor is someone who improves upon the manuscript somehow; perhaps further developing the plot, structure or theme. A developmental editor is also referred to sometimes as a comprehensive editor, a term we are all familiar with.

* A fact checker is exactly what the title says: someone who checks facts in a manuscript. This can be done online, at a library, or through phone calls or interviews.

* A globalization/translation editor is another area we touched upon in our class this semester. This is someone who prepares a manuscript for a specific audience, such as another country or culture, and must have a knowledge of the customs of that audience and ensure the manuscript reflects this appropriately.

* An integrity editor is simply someone who ensures that all references and cross-references are correct within a manuscript.

As you can see, freelance editing encompasses a wide range of jobs with a wide range of prices. Freelancing allows editors to be their own bosses, but they typically do not have the benefits, such as medical insurance and paid vacation, that company employees have.

 

Marquit, M. (n.d.). How Should You Charge for Freelance Editing? [Web log comment]. Retrieved from https://mirandamarquit.com/how-should-you-charge-for-freelance-editing

Editorial Freelancers Association. (July 2015). Editorial Rates. Retrieved from http://www.the-efa.org/res/rates.php

Tapia, A. (October 2016). 21 Freelance Editing Jobs: Work as a Freelance Editor. Retrieved from https://www.thebalance.com/freelance-editing-jobs-1360401

Finale Music-Notation Software

My project, Unpacking Finale for the Budding Composer, seeks to do just that: open beginning music composers to the world of music-notation software, Finale. Finale, has been around since 1998 when MakeMusic launched Finale 1.0. Since then, nearly every year, more than 25 updates have sharpened Finale’s extensive toolset into the preeminent music- notation software on the market. Not only is Finale a document creation tool, it also functions as a MIDI playback tool where composers, arrangers, and teachers can get instant feedback on the music they are entering into the software. Even more impressive, Finale can import music from scanned documents to make rehearsal tracks for concerts, recitals, or ear-training exercises. 

As a musician myself, I have been using Finale since 2004 and since then have created many documents and audio files, both original and transcribed, that stand up to any professionally published piece of music. Not only capable of producing accurate and musical audio playback (complete with various styles like classical, jazz, and 20th century), Finale has a host of editing tools where one can add accents, dynamics, tempo marking, and myriad other symbols directly into the score. 

Of course, Finale is too big a program to cover every facet of Finale’s powerful features for a beginner’s guide. Instead, I have opted to only focus on those features that will get beginners to create their own original content. The most-important features I will present are the following:

  • 1) How to create your first document (instrument choice, score arrangement, time signature, key signature, initial tempo, etc);
  • 2) How to insert notation into the score (speedy and simple entry methods);
  • 3) How to add articulations, tempos, and dynamic markings using the Tools Palette;
  • 4) How to change the play style to fit with the piece of music you are creating;
  • 5) How to save your document;
  • 6) How to print your document (extracting specific instruments or a full score, depending on the user’s needs);
  • 7) How to create audio (mp3, tiff, aiff) files of your piece to create rehearsal tracks.

In addition to these features, I intend to provide step-by-step tutorial demonstrations that will have beginning users create a piece of their very own. The use images from the program will greatly aid the comprehension and will likely lead to greater appreciation for the powerful music-notation capabilities present within Finale’s catacombs. 

The pressing question for this project is “Why do I need this user manual? Isn’t the online Help function enough?” To that I will say that Finale does provide an in-depth help system with detailed instructions to perform every task Finale can accomplish (no matter how minute). However, Finale doesn’t provide a help system that is specifically geared to beginners. My user guide will keep as its focus audience, first-time users. My background in the world of UX (User Experience) should help me tailor my guide with this audience top of mind. I feel that a guide is specifically geared toward this audience will generate enough interest and competency that they will continue to use Finale as they become more familiar with more advanced tools and features. Finale is a wonderful, creative, and powerful music-notation tool that any aspiring composer, arranger, or music teacher (or student) should not be without.

EH 603 Project 3: A Beginner’s Guide to PC Twitch Streaming

Project Background

For my final project in EH 603: Technical Editing, I am planning on creating a guide for how to get started streaming your PC gaming on Twitch. My idea for this project came from personal experience. I have played video games as a hobby almost all my life. About a month ago, I decided I wanted to stream my gameplay for friends who lived all over the country. It would be a way for us to interact on a regular basis through our mutual love of games and desire to laugh at how horrible I was at them.

So, I tried to start streaming. I set up my Twitch account and downloaded Open Broadcasting Software (OBS) to record and stream my games. I followed the steps outlined on the Twitch website’s guide to PC streaming for changing the settings in OBS to be able to stream (https://help.twitch.tv/customer/portal/articles/792761-how-to-broadcast-pc-games). Everything seemed to be set up correctly. Then I tested it, but it didn’t work. The audio from my microphone was fine and the game audio streamed, but the video did not show up. I spent over a week scouring the internet for different fixes to my black screen problem. It became increasingly frustrating when most of the guides kept telling me how easy it was to stream on Twitch. Then I would try their method of setting up OBS to stream to Twitch and it wouldn’t work. I became so frustrated that I almost gave up hope that my laptop could handle Twitch streaming.

Then finally, one night, I found the solution to why the video wasn’t going through to Twitch, and it was a simple setting that none of the guides I had found mentioned.

The Project

As I stated above, my plan for this project is to be a guide for getting started streaming on Twitch from your PC. However, this will not be a guide for the gamer who has built their own computer and spends hours gaming every day. Likely, that audience already knows how to stream on Twitch or has a friend who can teach them. This guide will be for the people like me who want to stream for fun as a hobby in their free time. Maybe they aren’t as tech savvy as an experienced gamer, but they love to play video games and want to share their experiences with the world on Twitch, but they just can’t figure out how to set it up. The goal of this project is to help PC gamers stream to their heart’s content.

I’ll start off by taking the reader through creating a Twitch account and downloading OBS. Then I plan to go step-by-step through the settings that helped me to finally stream with audio, video, and webcam. I will include screenshots of OBS and Twitch to help people see what to do with their settings, how to set up their account, how to find their stream and chat, and more. Most of the project will focus on how to configure the OBS settings to allow you to stream audio and video. This is because the problems that come up are most often caused by OBS.

My hope is that this project will help people like me who were frustrated and thought they were just not going to be able to stream. I will try to include information for Mac users, but I am limited in my knowledge of Macs because I personally have a Windows laptop. I will have to look into the differences in OBS between the operating systems.

 

Image source 1: http://www.noobgrind.com/twitch-to-ban-or-not-to-ban/

Image source 2: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LX04mw_xG6A (Video thumbnail for Jonesmedia’s video)